In-text citations are used in the body ("in the text") of research papers or assignments when you use information from sources.
In-text citations are used to provide the reader with:
ALSO REFER to: In-Text Citations: The Basics
Note: Except for a few sources (like interviews), an in-text citation must have a matching source on the References page.
How to Cite a Direct Quote (pp.170-171)
How to Cite Summaries or Paraphrases
Even if you put information in your own words by summarizing or paraphrasing, you must cite the original author or researcher and the date of publication. You are also encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number; check with your instructor to see if page numbers are required.
For example, a paraphrase of Gibaldi’s earlier quotation might be identified as follows:
Within the research paper, quotations will have more impact when used judiciously (Gibaldi, 2003, p. 109).
How to Cite Sources when the Primary Authors have the same Surname (p.176)
How to Cite Different Numbers of Authors
How to Cite Information When You Have Not Seen the Original Source (p.178)
How to Cite when you are Altering a Direct Quote