For each type of source in this guide, both the general format and an example will be provided.
Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).
Numbers in brackets refer to specific pages in the manual.
List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded by an ampersand (&). Example:
Siyal, S., Saeed, M., Pahi, M. H., Solangi, R., & Xin, C. (2021). They can’t treat you well under abusive supervision: Investigating the impact of job satisfaction and extrinsic motivation on healthcare employees. Rationality and Society, 33(4), 401-423. https://doi.org/10.1177/10434631211033660
MORE THAN TWENTY AUTHORS
List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the first 19 authors’ names, use an ellipsis (i.e., …) in place of the remaining author names. Thereafter, end with the final author's name (do not place an & before it). There should be no more than twenty names in the citation in total. Example:
Zhang, S. E., Wang, J., Liu, L., Meng, D. X., Wang, H. N., Zhao, X., ... Sun, T. (2021).