From Article 22
Everything in the list below is a legal use of copyrighted material and does not require seeking permission from the copyright holder. Particularly relevant sections to the ZU community are highlighted in red.
1. Making a single copy of the work for noncommercial personal use. Excluded are works of fine or applied art unless they are placed in the public domain, with the approval of the copyright holder or his successors. Architectural works are also excluded other than in accordance with para 7 of this Article. Other exclusions are computer software and applications and databases except in accordance with para 2 of this Article
>>For example, individuals may photocopy or scan an article from a newspaper, or part of a book for personal use. This wording implies that it is lawful to make a complete copy of a book for personal, non commercial use. This is in contrast to US copyright law that limits such copying to 1 chapter of a book. The key parts to pay attention to are single copy and noncommercial personal use!
2. The legal possessor of computer software, applications or database making a single copy of an extract for personal use subject to this being carried out within the copying limits or for the purpose of storage or replacing a lost, damaged or worn original copy. The spare copy or extract must be destroyed, even if it is loaded or stored on the computer, once he no longer possess the original copy
>> This allows you to burn a copy of your software DVDs to use in case your original disc is damaged. Once you throw out the original disc, you are obligated to delete or throw out your copied discs.
3. Reproducing extracts of copyright works for use in legal proceedings or the like,as required. The reference and name of the Author should be mentioned
4. A non-profit (whether direct or indirect) documents or archiving center, library, or attestation center making a single copy of the work, provided as follows:
a) that the copying is done to preserve the original copy or to replace a lost, damaged or worn copy and no replacement could be obtained on reasonable terms
>>This is often referred to as a preservation copy - the key to pay attention to is that no replacement could be obtained on reasonable terms
b) that the work is being copied at the request of a natural person for use in connection with studies or research. This should be done once and at staggered intervals, in the event that a copying licence could not be obtained in accordance with the Law
>>This allows for sporadic, individual use rather than planned institutional use. This is not authorizing the creation of coursepacks without copyright approval.
5. Quoting short paragraphs, extracts or analysis within the customary limit for the work in the context of critique, discussion or communication. The reference and name of the Author should be mentioned
6. Performing the work at family gatherings or students performing the work on the premises of an educational institution without direct or indirect remuneration
>>Singing Happy Birthday at home or school is fine as long as you do not charge admission. If you do, you have to pay copyright / royalty fees.* (assuming that the Happy Birthday copyright survives its current legal challange in US court)
7. Presenting works of fine, applied or plastic art or architecture through broadcasts if the works are permanently in the public domain
>> Broadcasting (via commercial airways or possibly even YouTube) still and moving images of paintings, statues and public architecture already in the public domain do no require copyright permission.