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Citation Style - APA

About Citing Audiovisual Media

For each type of source in this guide, both the general format and an example will be provided.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

Numbers in brackets refer to specific pages in the manual.

Online Video (like YouTube videos, p. 215)

Please note that there is no use of italics when citing Youtube or other online videos.

General Format 
 
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month
Day {of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Youtube. URL of
specific video
  
Example
 
Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video
file]. Youtube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs

Motion Picture/Video Recording (p. 209)

Film you watch in a movie theater or in class = Use [Motion picture]
Film on DVD = Use [DVD]
Film on VHS = Use [Videotape]

General Format 
 
Name of producer (Producer) and/or name of director (Director). (Year).  
Title of movie [Format e.g. Motion picture or DVD]. Country where
movie was produced: Name of Studio or Publisher.
  
Example 1 -- motion picture
 
Davidson, F. (Producer), & Davidson, J. (Director). (1999). B. F. Skinner:
A fresh appraisal [Motion picture]. United States: Davidson Films.

Example 2 -- DVD
 
Weir, P. (Director). (1981). Gallipoli [DVD]. Australia: Paramount.

Example 3 -- Video
 
Darabont, F. (Director). (1999). Green mile [Videotape]. United States:
Warner Home Video.

Audio Podcast (p. 210)

General Format 
 
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name.
(Producer). (Year, Month Day {of podcast}). Title of podcast
[Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL
  
Example
 
Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio
[Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/